Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): What You Need to Know

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. This force can be a blow to the head, a jolt, or an object piercing the skull. It can range in severity from mild, like a concussion, to severe, causing coma or even death. Here’s a breakdown:

Key points:

  • Cause: External force like a blow, jolt, or penetrating object.
  • Severity: Ranges from mild (concussion) to severe (coma, death).
  • Effects: Can impact cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions.

Types of TBI:

  • Primary: Immediate damage at the moment of impact.
  • Secondary: Damage that occurs over hours or days after the initial injury.


  • Can vary depending on severity, but may include:
    • Loss of consciousness or memory
    • Headache
    • Dizziness
    • Confusion
    • Difficulty thinking or concentrating
    • Vision or hearing problems
    • Emotional changes


  • Leading cause of disability and death in adults.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for recovery.

Additional Resources:

Remember, this is just general information. If you have concerns about a potential TBI, please seek professional medical advice.